Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field

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Izvoz citacije: ABNT
HOSSEINZADEH, Fazel ;SARHADDI, Faramarz ;MOHEBI KALHORI, Davood .
Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field. 
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, [S.l.], v. 62, n.9, p. 521-533, june 2018. 
ISSN 0039-2480.
Available at: <https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/>. Date accessed: 17 sep. 2021. 
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482.
Hosseinzadeh, F., Sarhaddi, F., & Mohebi Kalhori, D.
(2016).
Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field.
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 62(9), 521-533.
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482
@article{sv-jmesv-jme.2016.3482,
	author = {Fazel  Hosseinzadeh and Faramarz  Sarhaddi and Davood  Mohebi Kalhori},
	title = {Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {62},
	number = {9},
	year = {2016},
	keywords = {ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume},
	abstract = {This paper presents research on the forced flow convective heat transfer of a ferrofluid (water and Fe3O4) in a horizontal two-dimensional channel under the influence of a 2D non-uniform magnetic field, which is applied through a line dipole. The governing equations of this research include continuity, momentum, energy and entropy generation, which are solved with a finite volume technique. Moreover, a gridindependent test and the validation of numerical results are carried out. The effect of the Fe3O4 volume fraction (1 vol % to 6 vol %) on the hydro-thermal characteristics of the ferrofluid flow and entropy generation is studied. Numerical results show that the flow pattern is highly changed, because the kelvin body force overcomes the viscous force by increasing the volume fraction under applied magnetic field. Furthermore, the average wall friction factor increases linearly. The average Nusselt number (Nu) increases with the increase of the Fe3O4 volume fraction, so that Nu increases by 51.1 % in comparison to the base fluid at 6 vol %. It is observed that the Nusselt number ratio (NUR) at 6 vol % is enhanced by 10.4 % whereas the entropy generation ratio (NSR) is increased by only 6.2 % compared to 4 vol %. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that using volume fractions between 4 vol % to 6% would result in an observable improvement in convective heat transfer while enhanced entropy generation is relatively small, so it is thermodynamically affordable.},
	issn = {0039-2480},	pages = {521-533},	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/}
}
Hosseinzadeh, F.,Sarhaddi, F.,Mohebi Kalhori, D.
2016 June 62. Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field. Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering. [Online] 62:9
%A Hosseinzadeh, Fazel 
%A Sarhaddi, Faramarz 
%A Mohebi Kalhori, Davood 
%D 2016
%T Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field
%B 2016
%9 ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume
%! Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field
%K ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume
%X This paper presents research on the forced flow convective heat transfer of a ferrofluid (water and Fe3O4) in a horizontal two-dimensional channel under the influence of a 2D non-uniform magnetic field, which is applied through a line dipole. The governing equations of this research include continuity, momentum, energy and entropy generation, which are solved with a finite volume technique. Moreover, a gridindependent test and the validation of numerical results are carried out. The effect of the Fe3O4 volume fraction (1 vol % to 6 vol %) on the hydro-thermal characteristics of the ferrofluid flow and entropy generation is studied. Numerical results show that the flow pattern is highly changed, because the kelvin body force overcomes the viscous force by increasing the volume fraction under applied magnetic field. Furthermore, the average wall friction factor increases linearly. The average Nusselt number (Nu) increases with the increase of the Fe3O4 volume fraction, so that Nu increases by 51.1 % in comparison to the base fluid at 6 vol %. It is observed that the Nusselt number ratio (NUR) at 6 vol % is enhanced by 10.4 % whereas the entropy generation ratio (NSR) is increased by only 6.2 % compared to 4 vol %. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that using volume fractions between 4 vol % to 6% would result in an observable improvement in convective heat transfer while enhanced entropy generation is relatively small, so it is thermodynamically affordable.
%U https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/
%0 Journal Article
%R 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482
%& 521
%P 13
%J Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
%V 62
%N 9
%@ 0039-2480
%8 2018-06-27
%7 2018-06-27
Hosseinzadeh, Fazel, Faramarz  Sarhaddi, & Davood  Mohebi Kalhori.
"Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field." Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], 62.9 (2016): 521-533. Web.  17 Sep. 2021
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hosseinzadeh, Fazel 
AU  - Sarhaddi, Faramarz 
AU  - Mohebi Kalhori, Davood 
PY  - 2016
TI  - Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482
KW  - ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume
N2  - This paper presents research on the forced flow convective heat transfer of a ferrofluid (water and Fe3O4) in a horizontal two-dimensional channel under the influence of a 2D non-uniform magnetic field, which is applied through a line dipole. The governing equations of this research include continuity, momentum, energy and entropy generation, which are solved with a finite volume technique. Moreover, a gridindependent test and the validation of numerical results are carried out. The effect of the Fe3O4 volume fraction (1 vol % to 6 vol %) on the hydro-thermal characteristics of the ferrofluid flow and entropy generation is studied. Numerical results show that the flow pattern is highly changed, because the kelvin body force overcomes the viscous force by increasing the volume fraction under applied magnetic field. Furthermore, the average wall friction factor increases linearly. The average Nusselt number (Nu) increases with the increase of the Fe3O4 volume fraction, so that Nu increases by 51.1 % in comparison to the base fluid at 6 vol %. It is observed that the Nusselt number ratio (NUR) at 6 vol % is enhanced by 10.4 % whereas the entropy generation ratio (NSR) is increased by only 6.2 % compared to 4 vol %. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that using volume fractions between 4 vol % to 6% would result in an observable improvement in convective heat transfer while enhanced entropy generation is relatively small, so it is thermodynamically affordable.
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/
@article{{sv-jme}{sv-jme.2016.3482},
	author = {Hosseinzadeh, F., Sarhaddi, F., Mohebi Kalhori, D.},
	title = {Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {62},
	number = {9},
	year = {2016},
	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/}
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hosseinzadeh, Fazel 
AU  - Sarhaddi, Faramarz 
AU  - Mohebi Kalhori, Davood 
PY  - 2018/06/27
TI  - Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering; Vol 62, No 9 (2016): Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482
KW  - ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume
N2  - This paper presents research on the forced flow convective heat transfer of a ferrofluid (water and Fe3O4) in a horizontal two-dimensional channel under the influence of a 2D non-uniform magnetic field, which is applied through a line dipole. The governing equations of this research include continuity, momentum, energy and entropy generation, which are solved with a finite volume technique. Moreover, a gridindependent test and the validation of numerical results are carried out. The effect of the Fe3O4 volume fraction (1 vol % to 6 vol %) on the hydro-thermal characteristics of the ferrofluid flow and entropy generation is studied. Numerical results show that the flow pattern is highly changed, because the kelvin body force overcomes the viscous force by increasing the volume fraction under applied magnetic field. Furthermore, the average wall friction factor increases linearly. The average Nusselt number (Nu) increases with the increase of the Fe3O4 volume fraction, so that Nu increases by 51.1 % in comparison to the base fluid at 6 vol %. It is observed that the Nusselt number ratio (NUR) at 6 vol % is enhanced by 10.4 % whereas the entropy generation ratio (NSR) is increased by only 6.2 % compared to 4 vol %. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that using volume fractions between 4 vol % to 6% would result in an observable improvement in convective heat transfer while enhanced entropy generation is relatively small, so it is thermodynamically affordable.
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/sl/article/numerical-investigation-of-the-nanoparticle-volume-fraction-effect-on-the-flow-heat-transfer-and-entropy-generation-of-the-fe3o4-ferrofluid-under-a-non-uniform-magnetic-field/
Hosseinzadeh, Fazel, Sarhaddi, Faramarz, AND Mohebi Kalhori, Davood.
"Numerical Investigation of the Nanoparticle Volume Fraction Effect on the Flow, Heat Transfer, and Entropy Generation of the Fe3O4 Ferrofluid under a Non-uniform Magnetic Field" Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], Volume 62 Number 9 (27 June 2018)

Avtorji

Inštitucije

  • University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iran 1
  • University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Department of Chemical Engineering, Iran 2

Informacije o papirju

Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering 62(2016)9, 521-533

https://doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3482

This paper presents research on the forced flow convective heat transfer of a ferrofluid (water and Fe3O4) in a horizontal two-dimensional channel under the influence of a 2D non-uniform magnetic field, which is applied through a line dipole. The governing equations of this research include continuity, momentum, energy and entropy generation, which are solved with a finite volume technique. Moreover, a gridindependent test and the validation of numerical results are carried out. The effect of the Fe3O4 volume fraction (1 vol % to 6 vol %) on the hydro-thermal characteristics of the ferrofluid flow and entropy generation is studied. Numerical results show that the flow pattern is highly changed, because the kelvin body force overcomes the viscous force by increasing the volume fraction under applied magnetic field. Furthermore, the average wall friction factor increases linearly. The average Nusselt number (Nu) increases with the increase of the Fe3O4 volume fraction, so that Nu increases by 51.1 % in comparison to the base fluid at 6 vol %. It is observed that the Nusselt number ratio (NUR) at 6 vol % is enhanced by 10.4 % whereas the entropy generation ratio (NSR) is increased by only 6.2 % compared to 4 vol %. According to the results of the study, it is concluded that using volume fractions between 4 vol % to 6% would result in an observable improvement in convective heat transfer while enhanced entropy generation is relatively small, so it is thermodynamically affordable.

ferrofluid, nanoparticle volume fraction, magnetic field, entropy generation, finite volume