Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques

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DOBRZAŃSKI, Leszek Adam;MUSZTYFAGA, Małgorzata Monika;DRYGAŁA, Aleksandra .
Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques. 
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, [S.l.], v. 59, n.3, p. 175-182, june 2018. 
ISSN 0039-2480.
Available at: <https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/>. Date accessed: 15 sep. 2019. 
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625.
Dobrzański, L., Musztyfaga, M., & Drygała, A.
(2013).
Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques.
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 59(3), 175-182.
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625
@article{sv-jmesv-jme.2012.625,
	author = {Leszek Adam Dobrzański and Małgorzata Monika Musztyfaga and Aleksandra  Drygała},
	title = {Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {59},
	number = {3},
	year = {2013},
	keywords = {electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing},
	abstract = {The paper presents the results of the investigation of the front electrode manufactured using two silver pastes (PV 145 manufactured by Du Pont and another based on nanopowder experimentally prepared) on monocrystalline silicon solar cells in order to reduce contact resistance. The aim of the paper was a comparison between a conventional and an unconventional method to improve the quality of forming electrodes of silicon solar cells. The Screen Printing (SP) method is the most widely used contact formation technique for commercial silicon solar cells. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a modern manufacturing technique, which uses a high power CO2 laser to melt or sinter metal powder particles into a mass that has the desired three-dimensional shape, in precisely defined areas. The whole process is controlled by a program that is used for micro-processing. An innovative aspect of this method is the application of a nano silver paste to create the seed layer of the front electrode using the SLS method. The topography of both co-fired in the infrared belt furnace and melted/sintered in the Eosint M250 Xtended device equipped with CO2 laser were studied. Contacts were investigated using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM 5) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectrometer for microchemical analysis. Both surface topography and a cross section of the front electrodes were studied using SEM microscope. Phase composition analyses of the chosen front electrodes were done using the XRD method delineated in this paper. Front electrodes were formed on the surface with a different morphology from the solar cells. The median size of the pyramids was measured using the atomic force microscope (AFM). Resistance of the front electrodes was measured using the Transmission Line Model (TLM).},
	issn = {0039-2480},	pages = {175-182},	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/}
}
Dobrzański, L.,Musztyfaga, M.,Drygała, A.
2013 June 59. Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques. Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering. [Online] 59:3
%A Dobrzański, Leszek Adam
%A Musztyfaga, Małgorzata Monika
%A Drygała, Aleksandra 
%D 2013
%T Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques
%B 2013
%9 electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing
%! Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques
%K electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing
%X The paper presents the results of the investigation of the front electrode manufactured using two silver pastes (PV 145 manufactured by Du Pont and another based on nanopowder experimentally prepared) on monocrystalline silicon solar cells in order to reduce contact resistance. The aim of the paper was a comparison between a conventional and an unconventional method to improve the quality of forming electrodes of silicon solar cells. The Screen Printing (SP) method is the most widely used contact formation technique for commercial silicon solar cells. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a modern manufacturing technique, which uses a high power CO2 laser to melt or sinter metal powder particles into a mass that has the desired three-dimensional shape, in precisely defined areas. The whole process is controlled by a program that is used for micro-processing. An innovative aspect of this method is the application of a nano silver paste to create the seed layer of the front electrode using the SLS method. The topography of both co-fired in the infrared belt furnace and melted/sintered in the Eosint M250 Xtended device equipped with CO2 laser were studied. Contacts were investigated using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM 5) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectrometer for microchemical analysis. Both surface topography and a cross section of the front electrodes were studied using SEM microscope. Phase composition analyses of the chosen front electrodes were done using the XRD method delineated in this paper. Front electrodes were formed on the surface with a different morphology from the solar cells. The median size of the pyramids was measured using the atomic force microscope (AFM). Resistance of the front electrodes was measured using the Transmission Line Model (TLM).
%U https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/
%0 Journal Article
%R 10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625
%& 175
%P 8
%J Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
%V 59
%N 3
%@ 0039-2480
%8 2018-06-28
%7 2018-06-28
Dobrzański, Leszek, Małgorzata Monika Musztyfaga, & Aleksandra  Drygała.
"Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques." Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], 59.3 (2013): 175-182. Web.  15 Sep. 2019
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dobrzański, Leszek Adam
AU  - Musztyfaga, Małgorzata Monika
AU  - Drygała, Aleksandra 
PY  - 2013
TI  - Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625
KW  - electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing
N2  - The paper presents the results of the investigation of the front electrode manufactured using two silver pastes (PV 145 manufactured by Du Pont and another based on nanopowder experimentally prepared) on monocrystalline silicon solar cells in order to reduce contact resistance. The aim of the paper was a comparison between a conventional and an unconventional method to improve the quality of forming electrodes of silicon solar cells. The Screen Printing (SP) method is the most widely used contact formation technique for commercial silicon solar cells. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a modern manufacturing technique, which uses a high power CO2 laser to melt or sinter metal powder particles into a mass that has the desired three-dimensional shape, in precisely defined areas. The whole process is controlled by a program that is used for micro-processing. An innovative aspect of this method is the application of a nano silver paste to create the seed layer of the front electrode using the SLS method. The topography of both co-fired in the infrared belt furnace and melted/sintered in the Eosint M250 Xtended device equipped with CO2 laser were studied. Contacts were investigated using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM 5) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectrometer for microchemical analysis. Both surface topography and a cross section of the front electrodes were studied using SEM microscope. Phase composition analyses of the chosen front electrodes were done using the XRD method delineated in this paper. Front electrodes were formed on the surface with a different morphology from the solar cells. The median size of the pyramids was measured using the atomic force microscope (AFM). Resistance of the front electrodes was measured using the Transmission Line Model (TLM).
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/
@article{{sv-jme}{sv-jme.2012.625},
	author = {Dobrzański, L., Musztyfaga, M., Drygała, A.},
	title = {Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {59},
	number = {3},
	year = {2013},
	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/}
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Dobrzański, Leszek Adam
AU  - Musztyfaga, Małgorzata Monika
AU  - Drygała, Aleksandra 
PY  - 2018/06/28
TI  - Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering; Vol 59, No 3 (2013): Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625
KW  - electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing
N2  - The paper presents the results of the investigation of the front electrode manufactured using two silver pastes (PV 145 manufactured by Du Pont and another based on nanopowder experimentally prepared) on monocrystalline silicon solar cells in order to reduce contact resistance. The aim of the paper was a comparison between a conventional and an unconventional method to improve the quality of forming electrodes of silicon solar cells. The Screen Printing (SP) method is the most widely used contact formation technique for commercial silicon solar cells. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a modern manufacturing technique, which uses a high power CO2 laser to melt or sinter metal powder particles into a mass that has the desired three-dimensional shape, in precisely defined areas. The whole process is controlled by a program that is used for micro-processing. An innovative aspect of this method is the application of a nano silver paste to create the seed layer of the front electrode using the SLS method. The topography of both co-fired in the infrared belt furnace and melted/sintered in the Eosint M250 Xtended device equipped with CO2 laser were studied. Contacts were investigated using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM 5) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectrometer for microchemical analysis. Both surface topography and a cross section of the front electrodes were studied using SEM microscope. Phase composition analyses of the chosen front electrodes were done using the XRD method delineated in this paper. Front electrodes were formed on the surface with a different morphology from the solar cells. The median size of the pyramids was measured using the atomic force microscope (AFM). Resistance of the front electrodes was measured using the Transmission Line Model (TLM).
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/final-manufacturing-process-of-front-side-metallisation-on-silicon-solar-cells-using-conventional-and-unconventional-techniques/
Dobrzański, Leszek, Musztyfaga, Małgorzata, AND Drygała, Aleksandra.
"Final Manufacturing Process of Front Side Metallisation on Silicon Solar Cells Using Conventional and Unconventional Techniques" Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], Volume 59 Number 3 (28 June 2018)

Authors

Affiliations

  • Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Poland
  • Silesian University of Technology
  • Silesian University of Technology, Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Poland

Paper's information

Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering 59(2013)3, 175-182

10.5545/sv-jme.2012.625

The paper presents the results of the investigation of the front electrode manufactured using two silver pastes (PV 145 manufactured by Du Pont and another based on nanopowder experimentally prepared) on monocrystalline silicon solar cells in order to reduce contact resistance. The aim of the paper was a comparison between a conventional and an unconventional method to improve the quality of forming electrodes of silicon solar cells. The Screen Printing (SP) method is the most widely used contact formation technique for commercial silicon solar cells. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is a modern manufacturing technique, which uses a high power CO2 laser to melt or sinter metal powder particles into a mass that has the desired three-dimensional shape, in precisely defined areas. The whole process is controlled by a program that is used for micro-processing. An innovative aspect of this method is the application of a nano silver paste to create the seed layer of the front electrode using the SLS method. The topography of both co-fired in the infrared belt furnace and melted/sintered in the Eosint M250 Xtended device equipped with CO2 laser were studied. Contacts were investigated using confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM 5) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) spectrometer for microchemical analysis. Both surface topography and a cross section of the front electrodes were studied using SEM microscope. Phase composition analyses of the chosen front electrodes were done using the XRD method delineated in this paper. Front electrodes were formed on the surface with a different morphology from the solar cells. The median size of the pyramids was measured using the atomic force microscope (AFM). Resistance of the front electrodes was measured using the Transmission Line Model (TLM).

electrical properties, solar cell, selective laser sintering, screen printing