Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites

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KUMAR, Duraisamy ;BOOPATHY, Sadayan Rajendra ;SANGEETHA, Dharmalingam ;BHARATHIRAJA, Govindarajan .
Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites. 
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, [S.l.], v. 63, n.2, p. 138-147, june 2018. 
ISSN 0039-2480.
Available at: <https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/>. Date accessed: 30 mar. 2020. 
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764.
Kumar, D., Boopathy, S., Sangeetha, D., & Bharathiraja, G.
(2017).
Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites.
Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 63(2), 138-147.
doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764
@article{sv-jmesv-jme.2016.3764,
	author = {Duraisamy  Kumar and Sadayan Rajendra  Boopathy and Dharmalingam  Sangeetha and Govindarajan  Bharathiraja},
	title = {Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {63},
	number = {2},
	year = {2017},
	keywords = {Horn fibre; epoxy resin; particulate composites; mechanical properties; optimization},
	abstract = {Recent environmental concerns focus on the development of bio-composites, due to their low cost, and eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics. The aim of this work is to investigate the properties of particle-filled composites fabricated using bio-waste horn powder (HP) and epoxy resin. Composites were fabricated according to a Taguchi L9 (3×3) orthogonal array. The HP particles and matrix were mixed in an appropriate ratio, compression-moulded and cured at room temperature to produce the specimens. Properties, such as ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation percentage at break, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength and microstructure of the specimens, were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs of tensile tested specimens show good compatibility between HP particles and resin, when the HP volume is at 10% and increases in agglomeration with increase in the HP volume percentage. Optimization of factors was done using grey relational analysis (GRA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimum factor levels were found to be the highest NaOH concentration (con.), A3 (i.e., 0.3 N), the smallest HP size, B1 (i.e., 125 μm) and the lowest HP volume percentage, C1 (i.e., 10%). The contribution of influencing factors in decreasing order were found to be, HP volume percentage with 90.87%, HP size with 6.43% and NaOH concentration with 0.78%. From the R squared and R squared adjusted values of the properties, it is determined that most of the values are above 95%, confirming a 95% confidence level. Comparison between the optimum specimen and untreated HP specimens reveals that the optimum specimen has better properties. Hence, HP/epoxy composites can find application in various sectors.},
	issn = {0039-2480},	pages = {138-147},	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/}
}
Kumar, D.,Boopathy, S.,Sangeetha, D.,Bharathiraja, G.
2017 June 63. Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites. Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering. [Online] 63:2
%A Kumar, Duraisamy 
%A Boopathy, Sadayan Rajendra 
%A Sangeetha, Dharmalingam 
%A Bharathiraja, Govindarajan 
%D 2017
%T Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites
%B 2017
%9 Horn fibre; epoxy resin; particulate composites; mechanical properties; optimization
%! Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites
%K Horn fibre; epoxy resin; particulate composites; mechanical properties; optimization
%X Recent environmental concerns focus on the development of bio-composites, due to their low cost, and eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics. The aim of this work is to investigate the properties of particle-filled composites fabricated using bio-waste horn powder (HP) and epoxy resin. Composites were fabricated according to a Taguchi L9 (3×3) orthogonal array. The HP particles and matrix were mixed in an appropriate ratio, compression-moulded and cured at room temperature to produce the specimens. Properties, such as ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation percentage at break, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength and microstructure of the specimens, were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs of tensile tested specimens show good compatibility between HP particles and resin, when the HP volume is at 10% and increases in agglomeration with increase in the HP volume percentage. Optimization of factors was done using grey relational analysis (GRA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimum factor levels were found to be the highest NaOH concentration (con.), A3 (i.e., 0.3 N), the smallest HP size, B1 (i.e., 125 μm) and the lowest HP volume percentage, C1 (i.e., 10%). The contribution of influencing factors in decreasing order were found to be, HP volume percentage with 90.87%, HP size with 6.43% and NaOH concentration with 0.78%. From the R squared and R squared adjusted values of the properties, it is determined that most of the values are above 95%, confirming a 95% confidence level. Comparison between the optimum specimen and untreated HP specimens reveals that the optimum specimen has better properties. Hence, HP/epoxy composites can find application in various sectors.
%U https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/
%0 Journal Article
%R 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764
%& 138
%P 10
%J Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
%V 63
%N 2
%@ 0039-2480
%8 2018-06-27
%7 2018-06-27
Kumar, Duraisamy, Sadayan Rajendra  Boopathy, Dharmalingam  Sangeetha, & Govindarajan  Bharathiraja.
"Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites." Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], 63.2 (2017): 138-147. Web.  30 Mar. 2020
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kumar, Duraisamy 
AU  - Boopathy, Sadayan Rajendra 
AU  - Sangeetha, Dharmalingam 
AU  - Bharathiraja, Govindarajan 
PY  - 2017
TI  - Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764
KW  - Horn fibre; epoxy resin; particulate composites; mechanical properties; optimization
N2  - Recent environmental concerns focus on the development of bio-composites, due to their low cost, and eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics. The aim of this work is to investigate the properties of particle-filled composites fabricated using bio-waste horn powder (HP) and epoxy resin. Composites were fabricated according to a Taguchi L9 (3×3) orthogonal array. The HP particles and matrix were mixed in an appropriate ratio, compression-moulded and cured at room temperature to produce the specimens. Properties, such as ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation percentage at break, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength and microstructure of the specimens, were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs of tensile tested specimens show good compatibility between HP particles and resin, when the HP volume is at 10% and increases in agglomeration with increase in the HP volume percentage. Optimization of factors was done using grey relational analysis (GRA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimum factor levels were found to be the highest NaOH concentration (con.), A3 (i.e., 0.3 N), the smallest HP size, B1 (i.e., 125 μm) and the lowest HP volume percentage, C1 (i.e., 10%). The contribution of influencing factors in decreasing order were found to be, HP volume percentage with 90.87%, HP size with 6.43% and NaOH concentration with 0.78%. From the R squared and R squared adjusted values of the properties, it is determined that most of the values are above 95%, confirming a 95% confidence level. Comparison between the optimum specimen and untreated HP specimens reveals that the optimum specimen has better properties. Hence, HP/epoxy composites can find application in various sectors.
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/
@article{{sv-jme}{sv-jme.2016.3764},
	author = {Kumar, D., Boopathy, S., Sangeetha, D., Bharathiraja, G.},
	title = {Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites},
	journal = {Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering},
	volume = {63},
	number = {2},
	year = {2017},
	doi = {10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764},
	url = {https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/}
}
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kumar, Duraisamy 
AU  - Boopathy, Sadayan Rajendra 
AU  - Sangeetha, Dharmalingam 
AU  - Bharathiraja, Govindarajan 
PY  - 2018/06/27
TI  - Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites
JF  - Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering; Vol 63, No 2 (2017): Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering
DO  - 10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764
KW  - Horn fibre, epoxy resin, particulate composites, mechanical properties, optimization
N2  - Recent environmental concerns focus on the development of bio-composites, due to their low cost, and eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics. The aim of this work is to investigate the properties of particle-filled composites fabricated using bio-waste horn powder (HP) and epoxy resin. Composites were fabricated according to a Taguchi L9 (3×3) orthogonal array. The HP particles and matrix were mixed in an appropriate ratio, compression-moulded and cured at room temperature to produce the specimens. Properties, such as ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation percentage at break, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength and microstructure of the specimens, were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs of tensile tested specimens show good compatibility between HP particles and resin, when the HP volume is at 10% and increases in agglomeration with increase in the HP volume percentage. Optimization of factors was done using grey relational analysis (GRA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimum factor levels were found to be the highest NaOH concentration (con.), A3 (i.e., 0.3 N), the smallest HP size, B1 (i.e., 125 μm) and the lowest HP volume percentage, C1 (i.e., 10%). The contribution of influencing factors in decreasing order were found to be, HP volume percentage with 90.87%, HP size with 6.43% and NaOH concentration with 0.78%. From the R squared and R squared adjusted values of the properties, it is determined that most of the values are above 95%, confirming a 95% confidence level. Comparison between the optimum specimen and untreated HP specimens reveals that the optimum specimen has better properties. Hence, HP/epoxy composites can find application in various sectors.
UR  - https://www.sv-jme.eu/article/investigation-of-mechanical-properties-of-horn-powder-filled-epoxy-composites/
Kumar, Duraisamy, Boopathy, Sadayan Rajendra, Sangeetha, Dharmalingam, AND Bharathiraja, Govindarajan.
"Investigation of Mechanical Properties of Horn Powder-Filled Epoxy Composites" Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering [Online], Volume 63 Number 2 (27 June 2018)

Authors

Affiliations

  • C. Abdul Hakeem College of Engineering and Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, India 1
  • College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, India 2

Paper's information

Strojniški vestnik - Journal of Mechanical Engineering 63(2017)2, 138-147

https://doi.org/10.5545/sv-jme.2016.3764

Recent environmental concerns focus on the development of bio-composites, due to their low cost, and eco-friendly and bio-degradability characteristics. The aim of this work is to investigate the properties of particle-filled composites fabricated using bio-waste horn powder (HP) and epoxy resin. Composites were fabricated according to a Taguchi L9 (3×3) orthogonal array. The HP particles and matrix were mixed in an appropriate ratio, compression-moulded and cured at room temperature to produce the specimens. Properties, such as ultimate tensile strength, tensile modulus, elongation percentage at break, flexural strength, flexural modulus, impact strength and microstructure of the specimens, were investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs of tensile tested specimens show good compatibility between HP particles and resin, when the HP volume is at 10% and increases in agglomeration with increase in the HP volume percentage. Optimization of factors was done using grey relational analysis (GRA) and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The optimum factor levels were found to be the highest NaOH concentration (con.), A3 (i.e., 0.3 N), the smallest HP size, B1 (i.e., 125 μm) and the lowest HP volume percentage, C1 (i.e., 10%). The contribution of influencing factors in decreasing order were found to be, HP volume percentage with 90.87%, HP size with 6.43% and NaOH concentration with 0.78%. From the R squared and R squared adjusted values of the properties, it is determined that most of the values are above 95%, confirming a 95% confidence level. Comparison between the optimum specimen and untreated HP specimens reveals that the optimum specimen has better properties. Hence, HP/epoxy composites can find application in various sectors.

Horn fibre; epoxy resin; particulate composites; mechanical properties; optimization